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First Person Second Person Third Person in English


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First person is used to mean the speaker.
Examples are given below:-

First Person Singular Examples
Subject-Case: I drink a glass of orange juice.
First Person Plural Examples
Subject-Case: We talk to the faculty.
First Person Singular Examples
Object-Case: Give the pencil to me.
First Person Plural Examples
Object-Case: Play with us.
First Person Singular Examples
Possessive Case: My name is Biswajit.
Possessive Case: All these books are mine.
First Person Plural Examples
Possessive Case: Our cricket team represents the Friend Union club.
Possessive Case: Everything is ours.


Second person is used to mean the person who is spoken to.
Examples are given below:-

Second Person Singular Examples
Subject-Case: You call me tomorrow after lunch time.
Object-Case: Take this bag to you.
Object-Case: Complete the task yourself.
Possessive Case: Your smile is the cutest of all.
Possessive Case: These chocolates are yours.
Second Person Plural Examples
Object-Case: Make it yourselves.


Third person is used to mean the person who is spoken about.
Examples are given below:-

Third Person Singular Examples
Subject-Case: He/She is a very good cricketer.
Subject-Case: It/This is an electronic gadget.
Object-Case: Give this hundred Rupee note to him/her/Raju.
Object-Case: Put some water over it.
Possessive Case: The pencil box is his/her.
Third Person Plural Examples
Object-Case: Explain the topic clearly to them.
Possessive Case: These comic books are theirs.



Types of Verbs in English Grammar with Examples



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A Verb in a sentence is a word that denotes an action or a state of being for an entity.


There are three types of Verbs:- (Action Verbs, Helping Verbs & Linking Verbs)


Action Verb:-


Action Verb denotes an action of an entity in a sentence. It includes any kind of action like running, walking, reading, writing, sleeping, crying, resting, etc. The Action Verbs simply imply an action to any entity, living or non-living. An Action Verb also called a Dynamic Verb describes an action in which the subject of a sentence performs like (I jump, I shout).

Following are some Examples with Action Verbs:-


  • Gourav completed his home task.
  • Sital dressed her daughter.
  • The driver honked the horn.
  • He steers the steering of the car.
  • She is sleeping in her room.
  • I am taking a rest.
  • The Guest is resting in the waiting room.
  • I am lying down in bed.
  • Mother cooked a heavy meal for breakfast.
  • Father works at an office.
  • My friend breaks the glass of the window.
  • Dad beats me very hard.
  • Rohit kicked the football.
  • Seema smiles at Joy.
  • Rahul laughed at me.
  • I am thinking about what I can do next.

Helping Verb:-


Helping Verbs define time, possibility, voice, and other obligations. The Helping Verb is further classified into two categories Auxiliary and Modal Auxiliaries.

Auxiliaries Verbs add vital information to the Main Verb and it establishes the tense of a sentence. It should be remembered that some of these verbs are also used as Main Verbs. These verbs are only considered as helping verbs if they support another verb. These Verbs also create questions, negate statements, etc.

Modal Auxiliaries Verb helps to demonstrate ability, probability, necessity, possibility, permission, and obligation.



A list of Helping Verbs is below:-



Auxiliary Modal Auxiliaries
Be(am, is, are, was, were, being, been) Can/Could
Do(do, does, did) Will/Would
Have(have, has, had) Shall/Should
May/Might
Must
Ought to
Used to


Here are some Examples with Auxiliary Verbs:-


  • Ravi is playing football.
  • I am reading the Newspaper.
  • He is going to school.
  • I am playing cricket.
  • We are practicing for the tournament.
  • Priya is explaining the topic.
  • Rabi was teaching his daughter.
  • The Boys were swimming in the dirty ponds.
  • You do not return me the pen.
  • Please do not disturb me now.
  • (Do as an Auxiliary Verb Forms questions in the simple present)
    Do you want something else?
  • She did not dress well at yesterday's party.
  • (Do as an Auxiliary Verb Forms questions in the simple past tense)
    Did he come yesterday?
  • Suresh does want to join our team.
  • Does the thief not admit his crime?
  • Have as an Auxiliary Verb indicates Main Verb tenses and helps to form a question
    Have you not found her in the school?.
  • I had completed homework by the time you arrived.
  • I have been bathing since she left.
  • Sujon has finished his breakfast.
  • I have learned the lesson.
  • She has been studying a book since the morning.
  • He used to sing in the early days.


Here are some Examples with Modal Auxiliary Verbs:-


  • It may rain this afternoon.
  • She can come today.
  • You must go to your bed.
  • Sital should consider her younger brother.
  • I will pass the examination this year.
  • (The Modal Auxiliary Verbs change the sentence's meaning ever so slightly.)
    He might return the book today.
  • Jayanta said he could help with our study.
  • Lallu ought to perform better next time.
  • I would offer an idea, but you may not like it.
  • She shall leave her home tomorrow for practice at the crack of dawn.


Linking Verb:-



The Linking Verbs is not the action verb and it describes the subject by connecting it to a predicate adjective or predicate noun. These Verbs are forms of the verb infinitive such as is, am, are, and were. It should be remembered that these verbs are also used as Helping Verbs but depending on the pattern of a sentence it is considered as Linking Verb. Linking Verbs also are linked to the five senses, such as taste, smell, and feel but Linking Verbs are not Action Verbs.



Here are some Examples with Linking Verbs:-


  • She is nice.
  • Subash feels sick.
    (Sensory linking verb is not an action, Subash is not physically feeling something.)
  • Rupali is correct.
  • Players were late.
  • I am fine.
  • Rita smells nice.
    (Sensory linking verbs are not an action, Rita is not physically smelling something.)
  • Our cricket team appears lost on the field.
    (Our cricket team is not physically appearing somewhere.)
  • Raju became angry.
  • It seems like a very bad idea.
  • We remain silent.
  • Rajib stayed late at night.
  • The flowers turned dry.
  • The research proved successful.


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Most common Verbs in English
Verb-I Verb-II Verb-III
Ask Asked Asked
  • You ask me.
  • You ask her for money.
  • He Asks me for everything.
  • She is asking me for some help.
  • I will ask you for help tomorrow.
  • She asked me to give her my math book.
  • He was asking his father to drop him to his school.
Be Was/Were Been
  • He is here.
  • I am there.
  • They are fine.
  • It is good to be here.
  • She was sick yesterday.
  • It is good to be there at school.
  • We were at a party last evening.
  • They have been there since last evening.
Become Became Become
  • He became an engineer.
  • He had become a doctor.
  • She will become a doctor.
  • We become lazy in the winter.
  • She is becoming jealous day after day.
Believe Believed Believed
  • She believes everyone.
  • I believed her all my life.
  • She will have believed me.
  • He will believe me very soon.
Bring Brought Brought
  • She brings tiffin to school regularly.
  • My father brought new books for me.
  • She will be bringing my favorite meal.
  • He will bring my birthday gift tomorrow.
Buy Bought Bought
  • You buy me ice cream.
  • My mother will buy a school bag for me tomorrow.
  • My uncle bought me a beautiful pencil box yesterday.
  • He will have bought the best dress for his daughter next Sunday.
Call Called Called
  • She calls me for help every time.
  • My elder father called me to his home.
  • She has been calling you since Sunday.
  • He will call you for the party next week.
Can Could Could
  • I can write a letter.
  • She could play cricket.
Choose Chose Chosen
  • I choose cheap products.
  • He chose a red shirt yesterday from a shop.
  • I will choose the best one among these dresses.
  • I will have been choosing my gifts since the next morning.
Come Came Come
  • You come here.
  • I shall be coming soon.
  • I came yesterday to her house.
  • She will come to school next week.
Do Did Done
  • You do it for me.
  • He does it many times.
  • He did the work himself.
  • I will do it without any help.
  • She had been doing it since last Monday.
Dig Dig Dug
  • He digs the garden.
  • He is digging the garden.
  • I dug a hole in the ground.
  • The workers will dig five tunnels in this mountain.
Drink Drank Drunk
  • I drink cold water.
  • He drank a glass of milk.
  • She drinks juice every morning.
  • She was drinking a glass of cold water.
  • She will drink only juice for her breakfast.
Feel Felt Felt
  • I feel cold during the winter.
  • She was feeling very nauseous.
  • She will feel hot outside under the scorching sun rays.
  • They felt happy yesterday after CSK won the cricket match.
Find Found Found
  • She finds small things.
  • I will find my pen anyhow.
  • My grandfather found the location.
  • He is finding his important documents all over the place.
Get Got Got
  • I get gifts every year on my birthday.
  • I have just got ten rupees from the street.
  • You got a good storybook from your friend.
  • She will get a surprise gift from us tomorrow.
Give Gave Given
  • You give me five rupees as a donation.
  • I will give you my history notes to the school.
  • She gave me her black pen to write once at tuition.
  • She had given strict punishment to a student for incomplete homework.
Go Went Gone
  • I go to school.
  • He went to play cricket.
  • She will go to her invitation.
  • She has gone to the field for jogging.
  • He will have been going out of the city.
Have Had Had
  • I have a pen.
  • They have had a meeting now.
  • I will have rice for my dinner.
  • You had an invitation yesterday.
Hear Heard Heard
  • She hears everyone.
  • You heard a loud sound.
  • The old person has heard my voice.
  • I will hear the news on television.
  • He had been hearing from his boss since his joining.
Help Helped Helped
  • The old man helps the poor.
  • He will have helped her a little late.
  • The child has been helping the laborers.
  • The Student helped the blind beggar to cross the road.
  • The teacher will help me tomorrow with the exam suggestions.
Know Knew Known
  • I know him very well.
  • We have known everything.
  • You knew him for many days.
  • She will know her subjects gradually.
Learn Learned Learned
  • She learns her lesson by herself.
  • You learned everything from your father.
  • He will learn drawing from an art teacher.
  • She is learning music from her music teacher.
Like Liked Liked
  • You will like him after you know him.
  • She liked her school teacher very much.
  • I like to watch sports on the television.
  • The girl was liking her meal during the break.
Listen Listened Listened
  • I listen to new songs.
  • He will listen to his teacher.
  • The boy has listened to the song.
  • She listened to the announcement carefully.
Live Lived Lived
  • She lives in Hooghly at Uttarpara.
  • He lived his life to earn lots of money.
  • We had lived in this village before you were born.
  • I will not live my life with you in the same house.
Look Looked Looked
  • She looks at me all the time at school.
  • The officer will look into this matter very soon.
  • The monk looked at the eyes of the child and blessed him.
  • The beautiful girl will be looking at the handsome boy of this school.
Make Made Made
  • She makes her bed.
  • He will make her fool on the first of April.
  • They made that girl look like a joker on her birthday.
  • Gunjan will have made it before the final examination.
Need Needed Needed
  • I need a copy to write.
  • She will need my help to do the math.
  • They needed our cooperation to build a team.
  • I shall be needing the guidance of the teacher.
Pay Paid Paid
  • You pay attention in the lesson.
  • I paid him the fees for the last six months.
  • She will pay me my reward for good work.
  • She is paying complete attention to this matter.
Play Played Played
  • She plays with him.
  • You will play indoor games.
  • The boy was playing on the big ground.
  • He played outside in the hot afternoon.
Put Put Put
  • You put some sugar in the tea.
  • She will be putting the gift inside the bag.
  • She will put different ingredients in this curry.
Read Read Read
  • You read this book.
  • I will read the storybook.
  • You have read the lesson just now.
Say Said Said
  • You say something about yourself.
  • I will say to her that she is a bad girl.
  • He said many things about a trade fair.
  • Srija had said to you about my friend so many times.
Search Searched Searched
  • Monks search for peace everywhere.
  • I will search for my red pen inside your bag.
  • He searched for a fifty rupee note all over the place.
  • The little boy will have searched his ball after the break.
See Saw Seen
  • I see you.
  • You saw her many times.
  • The teacher will see the student later.
  • She has been seeing the stranger since she arrived.
Send Sent Sent
  • You send me the class notes.
  • She will send you the gift tomorrow.
  • I sent the parcel to my maternal uncle in Delhi.
  • We have been sending the message through the mail.
Show Showed Shown
  • He shows her gifts to everyone.
  • She will show his new pen to me.
  • I showed my suggestion to my friends.
  • They had been showing it to us before we started the meeting.
Sleep Slept Slept
  • He sleeps in the afternoon.
  • I will sleep on the train tomorrow.
  • You slept at school for the whole last period.
  • The baby will have slept in the evening for an hour.
Start Started Started
  • You start writing now.
  • We are starting to work now.
  • He started doing his homework.
  • I will start my exam preparation next week.
Stay Stayed Stayed
  • You stay out of this matter.
  • We were staying out of the station.
  • I will stay out of the state tomorrow.
  • She stayed at Uttarpara for many years.
Take Took Taken
  • You take this book from me.
  • She took a red pen from her friend.
  • He will take some study notes from his sir.
  • He will be taking a ten rupee note from his father.
Talk Talked Talked
  • They talk about you all the time.
  • They have talked with the principal.
  • I talked about this before with the teacher.
  • She will talk about her problem with her mother.
  • I shall have been talking with her since tomorrow after school gets off.
Teach Taught Taught
  • She teaches me.
  • He taught her the lesson.
  • I will teach my students about wellness.
  • The teacher had taught a tough lesson to his students.
  • You have been teaching me for the last five months without fees.
Tell Told Told
  • You tell me about her right now.
  • I told my mother to receive me from school.
  • They will have told everyone about the next meeting.
  • She will tell everyone not to get out of their house at noon.
  • We had been telling everyone about the water crisis since the summer started.
Think Thought Thought
  • I think he is a good boy.
  • He thought I was a salesboy.
  • I am thinking a lot about the problem.
  • She will think about this problem later.
Travel Traveled Traveled
  • She travels to many new places.
  • We traveled to south India last summer.
  • We were traveling by train to another state.
  • They will travel to the cold cities in this hot season.
Trouble Troubled Troubled
  • You trouble me a lot.
  • The disease troubled my sister.
  • It has troubled me a lot during the pandemic.
  • The population will trouble the next generation.
  • The hooligans have troubled the college students.
Try Tried Tried
  • You try your best to do it.
  • Everyone tried their best to pass.
  • I had tried to overcome my problem.
  • We will try our best to overcome the crisis.
Use Used Used
  • I use a blue pen to write.
  • She used more oil to cook the tasty food.
  • We will use the newspapers to decorate the pandal.
  • She will have used a piece of old cloth to cover the printer.
Visit visited visited
  • I visited the counselor.
  • She visits a doctor every month.
  • He will visit me in the late afternoon.
  • She has been visiting the institute since the morning.
  • We have been visiting this city for the last three days.
Walk Walked Walked
  • He walked for half an hour in the morning.
  • She will walk with you tomorrow in the evening.
  • They had been walking across the way since childhood.
  • We walk around the ground early in the morning every day.
Want Wanted Wanted
  • We will want all students to stay silent.
  • I want to become a successful business.
  • We wanted our team to win by a big margin.
  • She will have been wanting respect from her coworkers.
Watch Watched Watched
  • She watches television all day.
  • We watched the advertisements.
  • He will watch the cover of the book.
  • She has been watching television for the last one hour.
Work Worked Worked
  • I work for my boss.
  • She worked for her school teacher.
  • We will work the next day early in the morning.
  • We had been working in that school for many years before you joined.
Write Wrote Written
  • She writes a storybook.
  • He wrote a love letter to his girlfriend.
  • Prakash was writing the assignments for his college.
  • She will have written an apology letter to the principal.
  • Sir will write the important notes and suggestions for the exam.


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Tenses in English Grammar with Examples and Rules



Simple Present Tense in English Grammar with Examples


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Simple Present Tense Format and Structure
Sub(Op) Verb-I Obj(Op)
I cook.
I go to school every day with my mom.
I have a pen with me to write in school.
I am fine.
We have some work to complete.
We play cricket in the Friends Union Club.
We are happy today.
You Take something.
You Start writing now.
You Pay attention to class.
You Listen to me.
You Give me a chance, please.
You can.
You do practice English with me now.
You speak French very well.
You are crazy.
He drinks water in a glass.
She does.
She is fine today.
Raj does work hard in the factory.
My cat is very cute.
The cat jumps on the table.
It is all right.
Now the movie reaches its climax.
Students have their tiffin to eat.
Teachers do not teach well today.
Foreigners sing English songs on the terries.
They dance on the stage.
Those mangoes are fresh enough to eat now.
Mangoes are not rotten.

Note:- For Third Person Singular (Verb-I + s/es)



Present Continuous Tense in English Grammar with Examples



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Present Continuous Tense Format and Structure
Sub Be-Verb (Verb-I)+ing Obj(Op)
I am singing.
You are dancing.
Rima is watering.
I am reading a story book now.
I am having my dinner right now.
I am speaking English with my friend.
We are climbing on a big tree.
We are doing our lesson quite seriously.
You are watching a newly released movie.
You are completing your work today.
You are crying for no specific reason.
He is returning from school to home.
She is teaching her students.
Rajesh is studying in class five.
The cat is drinking milk from the pot.
It is working fine.
That is moving smoothly.
This is rotating on the table.
Boys are shouting on the ground.
Laborers are eating their tiffin.
They are doing nothing for us.
Teachers are speaking English with each other.
Cats are drinking uncooked milk.
Those are moving smoothly in a queue.
These are rotating on the table.


Present Perfect Tense in English Grammar with Examples



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Present Perfect Tense Format and Structure
Sub Helping-Verb Verb-III Obj(Op)
I have pushed.
You have tested.
She has pulled.
I have drunk four glasses of water.
I have taken him to the ground.
I have had a meeting yesterday.
I have done this to save some time.
I have taken Seema to the hostel.
We have spoken to our math teacher.
We have talked about the next party.
We have had our lunch on sharp ten.
We have completed our lesson yesterday.
You have taken five cups of tea already.
You have eaten the full packet of snacks.
Police have warned me about illegal work.
He has pulled the rickshaw to school.
Ram has told lies to me about her.
It has cleared the queue of vehicles.
Teacher has punished the students of class nine.
That has proven the decision as correct.
They have pushed the little boy from behind.
Doctors have decided to go for the operation.
Sisters have prayed for all of us wellbeing.
Boys have helped an old man to cross the road.
These have affected our health badly.

Note:- For Third Person Singular (has + Verb-III)



Present Perfect Continuous Tense in English Grammar with Examples



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Present Perfect Continuous Tense Format and Structure
Sub Helping-V (V-I)+ing Obj(Op) Since/For Time
I have been riding for an hour.
You have been climbing since this morning.
He has been teaching since you left.
I have been reading a book for two hours.
I have been playing cricket since the morning.
I have been having breakfast for ten minutes.
I have been doing this since the morning.
I have been speaking English since last month.
We have been warning everyone for two days.
We have been digging a hole since last evening.
You have been making your hair for ten minutes.
You have been cooking our lunch since the morning.
You have been teaching me for three hours.
My cat has been sleeping here since the morning.
Sir has been writing the notes for ten minutes.
She has been telling lies since you came.
Cat has been chasing the rat since the rat entered.
Roma has been chewing nuts for ten minutes.
Boys have been working together since the morning.
Players have been pulling the roller for ten minutes.
Cats have been sleeping here since the morning.
Dogs have been barking so loudly since last night.
They have been gossiping here for two hours.
Rats have been dragging the bread since last evening.

Note:- For Third Person Singular (has + been + Verb-I+ing)



Simple Past Tense in English Grammar with Examples



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Simple Past Tense Format and Structure
Sub Verb-II Obj(Op)
I cooked.
You could.
She did.
I went to school yesterday with my mom.
I had a pen with me to write in school.
I was fine.
We had some work to complete.
We played cricket in the Friends Union Club.
We were happy today.
You did practice English with me now.
You spoke French very well.
You were crazy.
He drank water in a glass.
She was fine today.
Raj did work hard in the factory.
The foreigner spoke to us about the next visit plan.
My cat was very cute.
The cat jumped on the table.
It was all right.
Students had their tiffin to eat.
Teachers did not teach well today.
Foreigners sang English songs on the terries.
They danced on the stage.
Those mangoes were fresh enough to eat now.
Mangoes were not rotten.


Past Continuous Tense in English Grammar with Examples



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Past Continuous Tense Format and Structure
Sub Be-Verb (Verb-I)+ing Obj(Op)
I was singing.
You were dancing.
Rima was watering.
I was reading a story book now.
I was having my dinner that now.
I was speaking English with my friend.
We were climbing on a big tree.
We were doing our lesson quite seriously.
You were watching a newly released movie.
You were completing your work today.
You were crying for no specific reason.
He was returning from school to home.
She was teaching her students.
Rajesh was studying in class five.
The teacher was speaking English with us.
The cat was drinking milk from the pot.
It was working fine.
That was moving smoothly.
This was rotating on the table.
Boys were shouting very hard on the ground.
Laborers were eating their tiffin.
They were doing nothing for us.
Cats were drinking uncooked milk.
Those were moving smoothly in a queue.
These were rotating on the table.


Past Perfect Tense in English Grammar with Examples



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Past Perfect Tense Format and Structure
Sub Helping-Verb Verb-III Obj(Op)
I had pushed.
You had tested.
She had pulled.
I had drunk four glasses of water.
I had taken him to the ground.
I had had a meeting yesterday.
I had done this to save some time.
I had taken Seema to the hostel.
We had spoken to our math teacher.
We had talked about the next party.
We had had our lunch on sharp ten.
We had completed our lesson yesterday.
You had taken five cups of tea already.
You had eaten the full packet of snacks.
Police had warned me about illegal work.
He had pulled the rickshaw to school.
Ram had told lies to me about her.
It had cleared the queue of vehicles.
Teacher had punished the students of class nine.
That had proven the decision as correct.
They had pushed the little boy from behind.
Doctors had decided to go for the operation.
Sisters had prayed for all of us wellbeing.
Boys had helped an old man to cross the road.
These had affected our health badly.


Past Perfect with Two Events Examples



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We can use the past perfect to show the order of two past events.
The past perfect shows the earlier action and the simple past shows the later action.
It does not matter in which order we say the two events.
Joining two events using before.

Past Perfect Tense Simple Past Tense
He had left. I came.
He had left before I came.
The patient had died. the doctor came.
The patient had died before the doctor came.
The thief had escaped. the police arrived.
The thief had escaped before the police arrived.
We had reached the field. the play began.
We had reached the field before the play began.
He had left the room. I came.
He had left the room before I came.
The train had started. they reached the station.
The train had started before they reached the station.
Amal had gone to school. Bimal went to his house to meet him.
Amal had gone to school before Bimal went to his house to meet him.

Joining two events using after.

Simple Past Tense Past Perfect Tense
I came. he had left.
I came after he had left.
The doctor came. the patient had died.
The doctor came after the patient had died.
The police arrived. the thief had escaped.
The police arrived after the thief had escaped.
The play began. we had reached the field.
The play began after we had reached the field.
I came. he had left the room.
I came after he had left the room.
They reached the station. the train had started.
They reached the station after the train had started.
Bimal went to his house to meet him. Amal had gone to school.
Bimal went to his house to meet him after Amal had gone to school.


Past Perfect Continuous Tense in English Grammar with Examples



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Past Perfect Continuous Tense Format and Structure
Sub Helping-V (V-I)+ing Obj(Op) Since/For Time
I had been riding for an hour.
You had been practicing since your childhood.
He had been teaching since you left.
I had been reading a book for two hours.
I had been playing cricket since the morning.
I had been having breakfast for ten minutes.
I had been doing this since the morning.
I had been speaking English since last month.
We had been warning everyone for two days.
We had been digging a hole since last evening.
You had been making your hair for ten minutes.
You had been cooking our lunch since the morning.
You had been teaching me for three hours.
My cat had been sleeping here since the morning.
Sir had been writing the notes for ten minutes.
She had been telling lies since you came.
Cat had been chasing the rat since the rat entered.
Roma had been chewing nuts for ten minutes.
Boys had been working together since the morning.
Players had been pulling the roller for ten minutes.
Cats had been sleeping here since the morning.
Dogs had been barking so loudly since last night.
They had been gossiping here for two hours.
Rats had been dragging the bread since last evening.


Past Perfect Continuous with Two Events Examples



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We can use the past perfect continuous to show the order of two past events.
The past perfect continuous shows the earlier continuous action and the simple past shows the later action.
Joining two events using before.

Past Perfect Continuous Tense Simple Past Tense
We had been playing since morning. Rahul came.
We had been playing since morning before Rahul came.
I had been reading a story book for two hours. the teacher came.
I had been reading a story book for two hours before the teacher came.
He had been suffering from fever since last evening. the doctor came.
He had been suffering from fever since last evening before the doctor came.
They had been watching cinema for three hours. their mother arrived inside the room.
They had been watching cinema for three hours before their mother arrived inside the room.

Joining two events using after.

Simple Past Tense Past Perfect Continuous Tense
I entered. he had been singing.
I entered after he had been singing.
The reporter arrived. the batsman had been batting.
The reporter arrived after the batsman had been batting.
The teacher called. the student had been reading.
The teacher called after the student had been reading.
The rain began. we had been walking across the way.
The rain began after we had been walking across the way.
I punched the boy. he had been shouting on me.
I punched the boy after he had been shouting at me.
They reached the platform. the train had been moving.
They reached the platform after the train had been moving.
Setal went to her house to meet her. she had been completing her homework.
Setal went to her house to meet her after she had been completing her homework.


Simple Future Tense in English Grammar with Examples



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Simple Future Tense Format and Structure
Sub Be-Verb Verb-I Obj(Op)
I shall pick.
You will drink.
Rahul will reach.
I shall have a pen with me to write in school.
I shall be fine.
We will have some work to complete.
We will play cricket in the Friends Union Club.
We will be happy tomorrow.
You will practice English with me tomorrow.
You will speak French very well.
You will be crazy.
He will drink water in a glass.
She will be fine today.
Raj will work hard in the factory.
The foreigner will speak to us about the next visit plan.
My cat will be very cute.
The cat will jump on the table.
It will be alright.
Now the movie will reach its climax.
Students will have their tiffin to eat.
Teachers will not teach well today.
Foreigners will sing English songs on the terries.
Those mangoes will be fresh enough to eat then.
Mangoes will not rot


Future Continuous Tense in English Grammar with Examples



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Future Continuous Tense Format and Structure
Sub Be-Verb (Verb-I)+ing Obj(Op)
I shall be speaking.
You will be running.
Rahul will be searching.
I shall be reading a story book now.
I shall be having my dinner right now.
I shall be speaking English with my friend.
We will be climbing on a big tree.
We will be doing our lesson quite seriously.
You will be watching a newly released movie.
You will be completing your work today.
You will be crying for no specific reason.
He will be returning from school to home.
She will be teaching her students.
Rajesh will be studying in class five.
The teacher will be speaking English with us.
The cat will be drinking milk from the pot.
It will be working fine.
That will be moving smoothly.
This will be rotating on the table.
Boys will be shouting very hard on the ground.
Laborers will be eating their tiffin.
They will be doing nothing for us.
Teachers will be speaking English with each other.
Cats will be drinking uncooked milk.
Those will be moving smoothly in a queue.


Future Perfect Tense in English Grammar with Examples



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Future Perfect Tense Format and Structure
Sub Helping-Verb Verb-III Obj(Op)
I shall have chosen.
You will have drunk.
Rahul will have passed.
I shall have drunk four glasses of water.
I shall have taken him to the ground.
I shall have had a meeting tomorrow.
I shall have done this to save some time.
I shall have taken Seema to the hostel.
We will have spoken to our math teacher.
We will have talked about the next party.
We will have had our lunch on sharp ten.
We will have completed our lesson tomorrow.
You will have taken five cups of tea by evening.
You will have eaten the full packet of snacks.
Police will have warned me about illegal work.
He will have pulled the rickshaw to school.
Ram will have told lies to me about her.
It will have cleared the queue of vehicles.
Teacher will have punished the students of class nine.
That will have proven the decision as correct.
They will have pushed the little boy from behind.
Doctors will have decided to go for the operation.
Sisters will have prayed for all of us wellbeing.
Boys will have helped an old man to cross the road.
These will have affected our health badly.


Future Perfect Continuous Tense in English Grammar with Examples



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Future Perfect Continuous Tense Format and Structure
Sub Be-Verb Verb-I Obj(Op) Since/For Time
I shall have been talking for an hour.
You will have been dancing since next noon.
Rahul will have been battling since yesterday.
I shall have been reading a book for two hours.
I shall have been playing cricket since tomorrow morning.
I shall have been having breakfast for ten minutes.
I shall have been doing this since tomorrow morning.
I shall have been speaking English since next month.
We will have been warning everyone for two days.
We will have been digging a hole since the next evening.
You will have been making your hair for ten minutes.
You will have been cooking our lunch since the next morning.
You will have been teaching me for three hours.
Cat will have been sleeping here since the next morning.
Sir will have been writing notes for ten minutes.
She will have been telling lies since you came.
Cat will have been chasing the rat since the rat entered.
Roma will have been chewing nuts for ten minutes.
Boys will have been working together since the next morning.
Players will have been pulling the roller for ten minutes.
Cats will have been sleeping here since day after morning.
Dogs will have been barking so loudly since next night.
They will have been gossiping here for two hours.
Rats will have been dragging the bread since next evening.


Tense WH Questions Examples



Simple Present WH Questions Examples



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WH-Question Be-Verb(Op) Sub(Op) Verb-I(Op) Obj(Op)
Who does this?
Who am I?
When does he go there?
What happens to you?
What is this?
What do you do?
Where do they play cricket?
Why does she cry?
Which is her book?
Which is Seema's gift?
Whose is this pen?
Whose pen is this with you?
Whom does Ravi speak to?
How can you be free?
How may I help you?
How long do you take?


Present Continuous WH Questions Examples



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WH-Question Be-Verb Sub(Op) (V-I)+ing Obj(Op)
Who is speaking?
Who is shouting there?
Who are you proposing?
Who are you coming here?
When are you going to school?
What are we doing today?
Where are they looking now?
Why is he crying so loud?
Which is she choosing for today?
Whose name is she calling now?
For whom is Ravi sending the letter?
How are you doing now?
How is Sita helping her friend?
How am I completing the job?
How long are they taking the class?


Present Perfect WH Questions Examples



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WH-Question Be-Verb Sub(Op) Verb-III Obj(Op)
Who has come here?
When have you gone to school?
What has Ravi done yesterday?
Where has he entered today?
Why has she cried so loud?
Which has Meena chosen for today?
Whose name has come today?
For whom have you come today?
From whom have you received?
How have I done it?
How has Sita helped her friend?
How have I completed the job?
How long have I taken the class?


Present Perfect Continuous WH Questions Examples



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WH-Question Be-Verb Sub(Op) Been (V-I)+ing Obj(Op) Time
Who has been playing since morning?
Who has been shouting there since morning?
Who have You been calling her since morning?
When have you been studying for an hour?
What has Ravi been doing here since I left?
Where has he been staying for two hours?
Why has she been crying for one hour?
Which has Mick been choosing since evening?
Whose name have you been calling since morning?
For whom have you been coming for one hour?
How have I been doing work since you left?
How has Sita been helping for one hour?
How have I been working for three hours?
How long have I been taking Since morning?


Simple Past WH Questions Examples



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WH-Question Be-Verb(Op) Sub(Op) Verb-II(Op) Obj(Op)
Who was she to you?
Who was caught red-handed?
Who took from you?
Who told you that?
Who was defeated last night?
When did he come back?
When were they good?
What did you do?
Where were you in the hall?
Why did she cry?
Which was Soma's gift?
Whose was this pen?
Whose pen was this?
To whom did Ravi speak?
How could you do it?
How could you be free?
How might I help you?
How long did it take?


Past Continuous WH Questions Examples



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WH-Question Be-Verb Sub(Op) (V-I)+ing Obj(Op)
Who was calling?
Who was crying last night?
Who were they playing?
Who were you coming there?
When were you going to school?
What were we doing yesterday?
Where were they looking then?
Why was he crying so loud?
Which was she choosing for night?
Whose name was she calling then?
For whom was Ravi sending the letter?
How were you doing then?
How was Sita helping her friend?
How was I completing the job?
How long were they taking the class?


Past Perfect WH Questions Examples



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WH-Question Be-Verb Sub(Op) Verb-III Obj(Op)
When had she worshiped last?
Who had come there?
What had Ravi done yesterday?
Where had he entered yesterday?
Why had she cried so loud?
Which had Meena chosen for the party?
Whose name had come yesterday?
For whom had you come yesterday?
How had Sita helped her friend?
How had I completed the job?
How had you pushed?
How long had I taken the class?


Past Perfect Continuous WH Questions Examples



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WH-Question Be-Verb Sub(Op) Been (V-I)+ing Obj(Op) Time
What had you been writing here for two hours?
When had she been worshiping there for an hour?
Who had been calling me since morning?
Who had been shouting there for an hour?
Who had I been calling since morning?
Where had he been staying for two hours?
Why had she been crying for one hour?
Which had Mick been choosing since evening?
Whose name had you been calling since morning?
For whom had you been coming here for one hour?
How had I been doing work since you left?
How had Sita been playing games for one hour?
How had I been working hard for three hours?
How had I been preparing the bill since evening?


Simple Future WH Questions Examples



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WH-Question Be-Verb Sub(Op) Verb-I(Op) Obj(Op)
Who will return?
Who will tell me?
When will they come here?
What will happen?
What will you do with her?
Where will they play cricket?
Why will she cry for help?
Which will be my gift?
Whose will be this pen?
Whose pen will be this?
Whom will Ravi speak to?
How will you be free?
How will I help you?
How long will you take it?


Future Continuous WH Questions Examples



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WH-Question Be-Verb Sub(Op) Be (V-I)+ing Obj(Op)
Who will be failing?
Who will be searching tomorrow?
Who will you be calling?
When will you be going to Puna?
What will we be doing?
Where will they be playing?
Why will he be crying?
Which will she be taking?
Whose name will she be taking today?
For whom will Ravi be waiting?
How will you be feeling?
How will Sita be studying?
How will I be speaking?
How long will they be taking?


Future Perfect WH Questions Examples



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WH-Question Be-Verb Sub(Op) Have Verb-III Obj(Op)
Who will have cried?
When will you have finished?
What will Ravi have done with Soma?
Where will he have entered?
Why will she have cried?
Which will Meena have chosen?
Whose name will have come for captain?
For whom will you have come?
How will Sita have helped?
How will I have completed it?
How long will I have taken to finish?


Future Perfect Continuous WH Questions Examples



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WH-Question Be-Verb Sub(Op) Have Verb-III Obj(Op)
Who will have been calling me?
When shall I have been asking you?
Whom will I have been asking for help?
Where will he have been working?
Why will she have been crying?
Which will Mick have been choosing?
Whose name will you have been calling?
For whom will you have been coming?
How will I have been talking?
How will Sita have been helping?
How will I have been reading?

Affirmative Negative Interrogative Sentences Exercises



Simple Present Positive Negative Interrogative Examples



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Affirmative Negative Interrogative Neg Interrogative
I play cricket. I do not play cricket. Do I play cricket? Do I not play cricket?
We sing on the stage. We do not sing on the stage. Do we sing on the stage? Do we not sing on the stage?
You do your homework. You do not do your homework. Do you do your homework? Do you not do your homework?
She writes a story. She does not write a story. Does she write a story? Does she not write a story?
They arrange the tables. They do not arrange the tables. Do they arrange the tables? Do they not arrange the tables?


Present Continuous Positive Negative Interrogative Examples



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Affirmative Negative Interrogative Neg Interrogative
I am playing cricket. I am not playing cricket. Am I playing cricket? Am I not playing cricket?
We are singing on the stage. We are not singing on the stage. Are we singing on the stage? Are we not singing on the stage?
You are doing your homework. You are not doing your homework. Are you doing your homework? Are you not doing your homework?
She is writing a story. She is not writing a story. Is she writing a story? Is she not writing a story?
They are arranging the tables. They are not arranging the tables. Are they arranging the tables? Are they not arranging the tables?


Present Perfect Positive Negative Interrogative Examples



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Affirmative Negative Interrogative Neg Interrogative
I have played cricket. I have not played cricket. Have I played cricket? Have I not played cricket?
We have sung on the stage. We have not sung on the stage. Have we sung on the stage? Have we not sung on the stage?
You have done your homework You have not done your homework. Have you done your homework? Have you not done your homework?
She has written a story. She has not written a story. Has she written a story? Has she not written a story?
They have arranged the tables. They have not arranged the tables. Have they arranged the tables? Have they not arranged the tables?


Present Perfect Continuous Positive Negative Interrogative Examples



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Affirmative Negative Interrogative Neg Interrogative
I have been playing cricket. I have not been playing cricket. Have I been playing cricket? Have I not been playing cricket?
We have been singing on the stage. We have not been singing on the stage. Have we been singing on the stage? Have we not been singing on the stage?
You have been doing your homework. You have not been doing your homework. Have you been doing your homework? Have you not been doing your homework?
She has been writing a story. She has not been writing a story. Has she been writing a story? Has she not been writing a story?
They have been arranging the tables. They have not been arranging the tables. Have they been arranging the tables? Have they not been arranging the tables?


Simple Past Positive Negative Interrogative Examples



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Affirmative Negative Interrogative Neg Interrogative
I played cricket. I did not play cricket. Did I play cricket? Did I not play cricket?
We sang on the stage. We did not sing on the stage. Did we sing on the stage? Did we not sing on the stage?
You did your homework. You did not do your homework. Did you do your homework? Did you not do your homework?
She wrote a story. She did not write a story. Did she write a story? Did she not write a story?
They arranged the tables. They did not arrange the tables. Did they arrange the tables? Did they not arrange the tables?


Past Continuous Positive Negative Interrogative Examples



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Affirmative Negative Interrogative Neg Interrogative
I was playing cricket. I was not playing cricket. Was I playing cricket? Was I not playing cricket?
We were singing on the stage. We were not singing on the stage. Were we singing on the stage? Were we not singing on the stage?
You were doing your homework. You were not doing your homework. Were you doing your homework? Were you not doing your homework?
She was writing a story. She was not writing a story. Was she writing a story? Was she not writing a story?
They were arranging the tables. They were not arranging the tables. Were they arranging the tables? Were they not arranging the tables?


Past Perfect Positive Negative Interrogative Examples



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Affirmative Negative Interrogative Neg Interrogative
I had played cricket. I had not played cricket. Had I played cricket? Had I not played cricket?
We had sung on the stage. We had not sung on the stage. Had we sung on the stage? Had we not sung on the stage?
You had done your homework. You had not done your homework. Had you done your homework? Had you not done your homework?
She had written a story. She had not written a story. Had she written a story? Had she not written a story?
They had arranged the tables. They had not arranged the tables. Had they arranged the tables? Had they not arranged the tables?


Past Perfect Continuous Positive Negative Interrogative Examples



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Affirmative Negative Interrogative Neg Interrogative
I had been playing cricket. I had not been playing cricket. Had I been playing cricket? Had I not been playing cricket?
We had been singing on the stage. We had not been singing on the stage. Had we been singing on the stage? Had we not been singing on the stage?
You had been doing your homework. You had not been doing your homework. Had you been doing your homework? Had you not been doing your homework?
She had been writing a story. She had not been writing a story. Had she been writing a story? Had she not been writing a story?
They had been arranging the tables. They had not been arranging the tables. Had they been arranging the tables? Had they not been arranging the tables?


Simple Future Positive Negative Interrogative Examples



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Affirmative Negative Interrogative Neg Interrogative
I shall play cricket. I shall not play cricket. Shall I play cricket? Shall I not play cricket?
We will sing on the stage. We will not sing on the stage. Will we sing on the stage? Will we not sing on the stage?
You will do your homework. You will not do your homework. Will you do your homework? Will you not do your homework?
She will write a story. She will not write a story. Will she write a story? Will she not write a story?
They will arrange the tables. They will not arrange the tables. Will they arrange the tables? Will they not arrange the tables?


Future Continuous Positive Negative Interrogative Examples



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Affirmative Negative Interrogative Neg Interrogative
I shall be playing cricket. I shall not be playing cricket. Shall I be playing cricket? Shall I not be playing cricket?
We will be singing on the stage. We will not be singing on the stage. Will we be singing on the stage? Will we not be singing on the stage?
You will be doing your homework. You will not be doing your homework. Will you be doing your homework? Will you not be doing your homework?
She will be writing a story. She will not be writing a story. Will she be writing a story? Will she not be writing a story?
They will be arranging the tables. They will not be arranging the tables. Will they be arranging the tables? Will they not be arranging the tables?


Future Perfect Positive Negative Interrogative Examples



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Affirmative Negative Interrogative Neg Interrogative
I shall have played cricket. I Shall not have played cricket. Shall I have played cricket? Shall I not have played cricket?
We will have sung on the stage. We will not have sung on the stage. Will we have sung on the stage? Will we not have sung on the stage?
You will have done your homework. You will not have done your homework. Will you have done your homework? Will you not have done your homework?
She will have written a story. She will not have written a story. Will she have written a story? Will she not have written a story?
They will have arranged the tables. They will not have arranged the tables. Will they have arranged the tables? Will they not have arranged the tables?


Future Perfect Continuous Positive Negative Interrogative Examples



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Affirmative Negative Interrogative Neg Interrogative
I shall have been playing cricket. I shall not have been playing cricket. Shall I have been playing cricket? Shall I not have been playing cricket?
We will have been singing on the stage. We will not have been singing on the stage. Will we have been singing on the stage? Will we not have been singing on the stage?
You will have been doing your homework. You will not have been doing your homework. Will you have been doing your homework? Will you not have been doing your homework?
She will have been writing a story. She will not have been writing a story. Will she have been writing a story? Will she not have been writing a story?
They will have been arranging the tables. They will not have been arranging the tables. Will they have been arranging the tables? Will they not have been arranging the tables?


Active and Passive Voice Rules with Examples



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To convert Active sentence to Passive sentence we need to Interchanges the Object and Subject with each other.
The Object of the Active sentence becomes the Subject of the Passive sentence.




While conversion of Active voice sentence to Passive voice sentence, the pronouns used in the sentence also changes in the following manner:-



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Active Voice Pronoun Passive Voice Pronoun
I Me
We Us
He Him
She Her
They Them
You You
It It


While conversion of Active voice sentence to Passive voice sentence, the helping verbs used in the sentence also changes in the following manner:-



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Tense Active Voice Passive Voice
Simple Present Does/Do Is/Are/Am
Present Continuous Is/Am/Are (Is/Am/Are)+Being
Present Perfect Has/Have Has been/Have been
Present Perfect Continuous Has/Have been (Is/Am/Are)+Being
Simple Past Did Was/Were
Past Continuous Was/Were (Was/Were)+Being
Past Perfect Had Had been
Past Perfect Continuous Had been (Was/Were)+Being
Simple Future Will Will be
Future Continuous Will be Will be
Future Perfect Will have Will have been
Future Perfect Continuous Will have been Will be


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Active and Passive Voice Examples Simple Present Tense

Format of Active Voice
Sub+Verb-I+Obj
Format of Passive Voice
Obj+is/am/are+V-III+Sub
He completes the task. The task is completed by him.
Ravi reads books every day. Books are read by Ravi every day.
She loves me. I am loved by her.
They speak English. English is spoken by them.
I see you. You are seen by me.
She teaches me. I am taught by her.
She makes her bed. Her bed is made by her.
He digs the garden. The garden is dug by him.
I drink cold water. Cold water is drunk by me.
I know him very well. He is known very well by me.


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Active and Passive Voice Examples Present Continuous Tense

Format of Active Voice
Sub+is/am/are+(V-I+ing)+Obj
Format of Passive Voice
Obj+is/am/are+being+V-III+Sub
Sam is playing cricket. Cricket is being played by Sam.
They are cooking Mushrooms. The Mushrooms are being cooked by them.
The doctor is doing the heart operation. The heart operation is being done by the doctor.
She is telling me something. I am being told something by her.
He is digging the garden. The garden is being dug by him.
She is asking me for some help. I am being asked by her for some help.
She is paying complete attention to this matter. Complete attention is being paid by her to this matter.
He is finding his important documents all over the place. His important documents are being found by him all over the place.
We are starting to work now. Work is being started by us now.
I am feeling upset about my poor exam result. Upset is being felt by me about my poor exam result.


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Active and Passive Voice Examples Present Perfect Tense

Format of Active Voice
Sub+have/has+V-III+Obj
Format of Passive Voice
Obj+have/has+been+V-III+Sub
He has driven a bike. A bike has been driven by him.
We have finished the work. The work has been finished by us.
She has called her friends. Her friends have been called by her.
Nil has taken her pens. Her pens have been taken by Nil.
The boy has listened to the song. The song has been listened to by the boy.
The old person has heard my voice. My voice has been heard by the old person.
She has gone to the field for jogging. The field has been gone to by her for jogging.
She has stayed in Uttarpara for many years. Uttarpara has been stayed in by her for many years.
It has troubled me a lot during the pandemic. I have been troubled a lot by it during the pandemic.
They have had a meeting now. A meeting has been had by them now.


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Active and Passive Voice Examples Simple Past Tense

Format of Active Voice
Subject+Verb-II+Object
Format of Passive Voice
Obj+was/were+V-III+Sub
He completed the task. The task was completed by him.
Ravi wrote ten books. Ten books were written by Ravi.
She loved me. I was loved by her.
They spoke English. English was spoken by them.
He did the work. The work was done by him.
You heard a loud sound. A loud sound was heard by you.
You saw her many times. She was seen by you many times.
He went to play cricket. Cricket was gone by him to be played.
I visited the counselor. The counselor was visited by me.
He drank a glass of milk. A glass of milk was drunk by him.


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Active and Passive Voice Examples Past Continuous Tense

Format of Active Voice
Sub+was/were+(V-I+ing)+Obj
Format of Passive Voice
Obj+was/were+being+V-III+Sub
Sam was playing cricket. Cricket was being played by Sam.
They were cooking Mushrooms. Mushrooms were being cooked by them.
The doctor was doing the heart operation. The heart operation was being done by the doctor.
She was telling me something. I was being told something by her.
She was feeling very nauseous. Very nauseous was being felt by her.
She was drinking a glass of cold water. A glass of cold water was being drunk by her.
The boy was playing on the big ground. The big ground was being played on by the boy.
Prakash was writing the assignments for his college. The assignments were being written by Prakash for his college.
He was asking his father to drop him off at his school. His father was being asked by him to drop him off at his school.
We were staying out of the station. Out of the station was being stayed by us.


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Active and Passive Voice Examples Past Perfect Tense

Format of Active Voice
Sub+had+V-III+Obj
Format of Passive Voice
Obj+had+been+V-III+Sub
He had driven a bike. A bike had been driven by him.
We had finished the work. The work had been finished by us.
She had called her friends. Her friends had been called by her.
Nil had taken her pens. Her pens had been taken by Nil.
He had become a doctor. A doctor had been become by him.
I had tried to overcome my problem. My problem had been tried by me to overcome.
We had lived in this village before you were born. This village had been lived in by us before you were born.
Srija had said to you about my friend so many times. You had been said to about my friend by Srija so many times.
She had given strict punishment to a student for incomplete homework. Strict punishment had been given to a student by her for incomplete homework.
She had surprised him on his birthday. He had been surprised by her on his birthday.


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Active and Passive Voice Examples Simple Future Tense

Format of Active Voice
Sub+will/shall+V-I+Obj
Format of Passive Voice
Obj+will/shall+be+V-III+Sub
I shall complete the task. The task will be completed by me.
Ravi will write ten books. Ten books will be written by Ravi.
She will love me. I shall be loved by her.
They will speak English. English will be spoken by them.
I shall read the storybook. The storybook will be read by me.
I shall find my pen anyhow. My pen will be found by me anyhow.
You will play indoor games. Indoor games will be played by you.
He will believe me very soon. I shall be believed by him very soon.
She will go to her invitation. Her invitation will be gone to by her.
I shall do it without any help. It will be done by me without any help.


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Active and Passive Voice Examples Future Perfect Tense

Format of Active Voice
Sub+will+have+V-III+Obj
Format of Passive Voice
Obj+will+have+been+V-III+Sub
He will have driven a bike. A bike will have been driven by him.
We will have finished the work. The work will have been finished by us.
She will have called her friends. Her friends will have been called by her.
Nil will have taken her pens. Her pens will have been taken by Nil.
She will have believed me. I shall have been believed by her.
He will have helped her a little late. She will have been helped by him a little late.
The baby will have slept in the evening for an hour. The evening will have been slept in by the baby for an hour.
They will have told everyone about the next meeting. Everyone will have been told by them about the next meeting.
Gunjan will have made it before the final examination. It will have been made by Gunjan before the final examination.
She will have written an apology letter to the principal. An apology letter will have been written by her to the principal.


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Active & Passive Voice Questions Format

Questions in Active Voice Questions in Passive Voice
Do you like her? Is she liked by you?
Did she break the door? Was the door broken by her?
Have you taught the little girl? Has the little girl been taught by you?
What do you need? What is needed by you?
Why did he beat the servant? Why was the servant beaten by him?
When did you write the notes? When were the notes written by you?
Where will you spend your vacation? Where will your vacation be spent by you?
How will you cross the long highway? How will the long highway be crossed by you?
Have you helped her? Has she been helped by you?
Will you teach us? Will we be taught by you?


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Active & Passive Voice Imperative Sentence Format

Sub+Verb-I+Obj Let+Obj+be+V-III+by+Sub
You complete the home task. Let the home task be completed by you.
You help the old beggar to cross the road. Let the old beggar be helped by you to cross the road.
You repair your computer before the test. Let your computer be repaired by you before the test.
The Subject is optional in imperative sentences.
The examples are given bellow without subject. The subject is always considered as you.
Verb-I+Obj Let+Obj+be+V-III
Push him hard to the door. Let him be pushed hard to the door.
Tell her right now. Let her be told right now.
Come to the school. Let the school be come to.
Take this pen. Let this pen be taken.
Have a cup of tea. Let a cup of tea be had.
Switch off the fan when you are out of the room. Let the fan be switched off when you are out of the room.
Wash the car with not more than two buckets of water. Let the car be washed with not more than two buckets of water.


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Active & Passive Voice Infinitive Sentence Format

To+Verb-I To+be+Verb-III
There are forty chocolates to share with my friends. There are forty chocolates to be shared with my friends.
There was so much work to complete at my home. There was so much work to be completed at my home.
There was no one to blame for this mistake. There was no one to be blamed for this mistake.
We have many problems to think about. We have many problems to be thought about.
The cow seems to move away from here. The cow seems to be moved away from here.
Sub+to+Verb-I+Obj Obj+to+be+Verb-III+Sub
You have to take care of him. He has to be taken care of by you.
She had to ask me before taking my personal things. I had to be asked by her before taking my personal things.
He needs to remove the garbage from the room. The garbage needs to be removed by him from the room.
She is likely to complete her work by the afternoon. Her work is likely to be completed by her by the afternoon.
I am thinking to shoulder the responsibilities to the next generation. The responsibilities are thinking to be shouldered by me to the next generation.


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Active & Passive Voice Modal Verb Sentence Format

Modal Verb+Verb-I Modal Verb+be+Verb-III
She may pull the rope very hard. The rope may be pulled very hard by her.
You could not sing a song. A song could not be sung by you.
He will have to arrange the money for the exam fees. The money will have to be arranged by him for the exam fees.
Everyone had to participate in the competition. The competition had to be participated in by everyone.
She used to play cricket for fun. Cricket used to be played by her for fun.
He may carry bread and butter for tiffin. Bread and butter may be carried for tiffin by him.
We must vote to elect our leader. Our leader must be voted by us to be elected.
Modal Verb+Verb-III Modal Verb+been+Verb-III
He would have taken the book from you. The book would have been taken from you by him.
I might have passed the training. The training might have been passed by me.
You should have completed the work today. The work should have been completed by you today.
Can you do it? Can it be done by you?
We could not ask him. He could not be asked by us.
They should never blame you for this mistake. You should never be blamed by them for this mistake.
He may have to read this book. This book may have to be read by him.
You must attend the class. The class must be attended by you.


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Active & Passive Voice Simple Present LET Sentence Format

Sub+Let+Obj+Verb-I Obj+Am/Is/Are+Let+Verb-I+Sub
She lets me read the book. I am let read the book by her.

Active & Passive Voice Simple Present Question LET Sentence Format

Wh+Do+Sub+Let+Obj+Verb-I Wh+Am/Is/Are+Obj+Let+Verb-I+Sub
Why do you not let him attend the class? Why is he not let attend the class by you?
How often do you let him play video games? How often is he let play video games by you?

Active & Passive Voice Simple Past LET Sentence Format

Sub+Did+Let+Obj+Verb-I Obj+Was/Ware+Let+Verb-I+Sub
He did not let me go home. I was not let go home by him.
Sub+Let+Obj+Verb-I Obj+Was/Ware+Let+Verb-I+Sub
My sister never let me check her room. I was never let check her room by my sister.

Active & Passive Voice Simple Future LET Sentence Format

Sub+Will+Let+Obj+Verb-I Obj+Will+be+Let+Verb-I+Sub
I will not let you do it. You will not be let do it by me.

Active & Passive Voice Present Continuous LET Sentence Format

Sub+Is+(Let+ing)+Obj+Verb-I Obj+Am/Is/Are+being+Let+Verb-I+Sub
He is not letting me concentrate on study. I am not being let concentrate on study by him.

Active & Passive Voice Past Perfect LET Sentence Format

Sub+Had+Let+Obj+Verb-I Obj+Had+been+Let+Verb-I+Sub
She had let me come to her home that day. I had been let come to her home by her that day.

Active & Passive Voice Modal Verb LET Sentence Format

Sub+Should+Let+Obj+Verb-I Obj+Should+be+Let+Verb-I+Sub
You should let him meet her. He should be let meet her by you.
Sub+Should have+Let+Obj+Verb-I Obj+Should have+been+Let+Verb-I+Sub
He should not have let you go to the park. You should not have been let go to the park by him.
Did you let him enter the house? Was he let enter the house by you?
He must let him go to market. He must be let go to market by him.
She lets me go wherever I want to. I am let go by her wherever I want to.
I will not let my brother know about it. My brother will not be let know about it by me.
Could you let me take this book? Could I be let take this book by you?


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Direct and Indirect Speech Rules Chart



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Speech Rules
Direct Speech Indirect Speech
Must Had to
Should Should
Will Would
Would Would
May Might
Might Might
Can Could
Could Could
Ought to Ought to


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Changes in Place and Time
Direct Speech Indirect Speech
Now Then/That Time
Here There
Today That Day
Tomorrow The next day
Last week The previous week
This That
Tonight That night
Ago Before
Thus So
Hither Thither
Come Go
Hence Thence
Next Following


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Changes of Pronouns
Direct Speech Indirect Speech
I I/You/He/She
My/Mine My/Your/His/Her
You He/She/We/They/I/Me
Your My/His/Her/Our/Their
Yours Mine/His/Hers/Ours/Their
We They
Our Their
Ours Theirs
These Those
Us Them
They They
He/She He/She
It/Its It/Its
His/Her His/Her


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Direct Speech Simple Present Tense Examples
Direct Speech
Subject+V-I+Object
Indirect Speech
Subject+V-II+Object
Rima said to me, "I walk." Rima told me that she walked.
Biswa said to her, "I can play cricket." Biswa told her that he could play cricket.
They said to me, "you write it." They told me that I wrote it.
He said to him, "I can cook food." He told him that he could cook food.
They said to us, "We may go to Bengal." They told us that they might go to Bengal.
I said to her, "I must finish the work on time." I told her that I had to finish the work on time.
Samir said to me, "He repairs electronic devices." Samir told me that he repaired electronic devices.
Rupali said to me, "She studies in a convent school." Rupali told me that she studied in a convent school.
Anjali said to me, "Everyone should obey the elders." Anjali told me that everyone should obey the elders.
When the reporting verb is in the present or future tense then the indirect speech tense remains unchanged.
Laltu says to me, "I play cricket." Laltu tells me that he plays cricket.


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Direct Speech Present Continuous Tense Examples
Direct Speech
Sub+is/am/are+V-I+ing+Obj
Indirect Speech
Sub+was/were+V-I+ing+Obj
Sonam said to him, "I am having tea." Sonam told him that she was having tea.
Rajib said to me, "He is leaping over the high drain with ease." Rajib told me that he was leaping over the high drain with ease.
Rajesh said to me, "You are not pushing me to the wall." Rajesh told me that I was not pushing him to the wall.
Robin said to her, "The cat is walking over the wall." Robin told her that the cat was walking over the wall.
Poltu said to me, "He is pulling the bucket out of the wall." Poltu told me that he was pulling the bucket out of the wall.
Kamalesh said to me, "We are making it look easy." Kamalesh told me that they were making it look easy.
Biswajit said to me, "I am confusing my teacher every time." Biswajit told me that he was confusing his teacher every time.
Sunil said to me, "The delivery boy is delivering products to every house." Sunil told me that the delivery boy was delivering products to every house.
Anghu said to me, "He is hitting the ball with a bat." Anghu told me that he was hitting the ball with a bat.
When the reporting verb is in the present or future tense then the indirect speech tense remains unchanged.
Gopala will say to me, "She is cooking food today." Gopala will tell me that she is cooking food today.


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Direct Speech Present Perfect Tense Examples
Direct Speech
Sub+has/have+V-III+Obj
Indirect Speech
Sub+had+V-III+Obj
Indrani said to her, "Snigdha has left for school." Indrani told her that Snigdha had left for school.
Krishnakali said to him, "You have not pushed me to the wall." Krishnakali told him that he had not pushed her to the wall.
Ruddra said to me, "I have not had space to move." Ruddra told me that he had not had space to move.
Minakhi said to me, "I have cooked food every day." Minakhi told me that she had cooked food every day.
Gopala said to me, "I have tried my level best." Gopala told me that she had tried her level best.
Mukta said to me, "She has left me alone on the way." Mukta told me that she had left her alone on the way.
Bikash said to me, "He has tried every time but he can not pass his exam." Bikash told me that he had tried every time but he could not pass his exam.
Pupesh said to me, "The distributor has distributed goods to different districts." Pupesh told me that the distributor had distributed goods to different districts.
When the reporting verb is in the present or future tense then the indirect speech tense remains unchanged.
Rupali says to me, "The wholesaler has supplied retail products to the local shops." Rupali tells me that the wholesaler has supplied retail products to the local shops.
Dipto says to me, "I have been blessed by god as a cricketer." Dipto tells me that he has been blessed by god as a cricketer.


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Direct Speech Present Perfect Continuous Tense Examples
Direct Speech
Sub+has/have+been+V-I+ing+Obj
Indirect Speech
Sub+had+been+V-I+ing+Obj
Biswa said to me, "We have been making it for two hours." Biswa told me that they had been making it for two hours.
Janabi said to me, "You have been striking very hard with your belt." Janabi told me that I had been striking very hard with my belt.
When the reporting verb is in the present or future tense then the indirect speech tense remains unchanged.
Gourav will say to me, "I have been pulling the bucket out of the well." Gourav will tell me that he has been pulling the bucket out of the well.
Trisha will say to me, "I have been tying a rope to the branch of a tree." Trisha will tell me that she has been tying a rope to the branch of a tree.


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Direct Speech Simple Past Tense Examples
Direct Speech
Sub+V-II+Obj
Indirect Speech
Sub+had+V-III+Obj
Vishnu said to me, "Rima took pasta." Vishnu told me that Rima had taken pasta.
Tapas said to me, "He told me to open the door." Tapas told me that he had told him to open the door.
Ruma said to me, "She told me to close the window." Ruma told me that she had told her to close the window.
Rima said to me, "I was surprised to see you here." Rima told me that she had been surprised to see me there.
Kapil said to me, "I leaped over the high drain with ease." Kapil told me that he had leaped over the high drain with ease.
Payal said to me, "You did not push me to the wall." Payal told me that I had not pushed her to the wall.
Monika said to me, "She left me alone on the way." Monika told me that she left her alone on the way.
Prianshu said to me, "I was blessed by god as a cricketer." Prianshu told me that he had been blessed by god as a cricketer.
Deep said to me, "I tied a rope to the branch of a tree." Deep told me that he had tied a rope to the branch of a tree.
When the reporting verb is in the present or future tense then the indirect speech tense remains unchanged.
Tonmay says to her, "I did not have space to move." Tonmay tells her that he did not have space to move.


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Direct Speech Past Continuous Tense Examples
Direct Speech
Sub+was/were+V-I+ing+Obj
Indirect Speech
Sub+had been+V-I+ing+Obj
My friends said to me, "We were living in Delhi." My friends told me that they had been living in Delhi.
Uttan said to me, "I was leaping over the high drain with ease." Uttan told me that he had been leaping over the high drain with ease.
Debopriya said to her, "You were not pushing me to the wall." Debopriya told her that she had not been pushing her to the wall.
Anupam said to me, "The cat was walking over the wall." Anupam told me that the cat had been walking over the wall.
Nandini said to me, "I was leaving her alone on the way." Nandini told me that she had been leaving her alone on the way.
Bikiran said to me, "I was pushing you to the wall." Bikiran told me that he had been pushing me to the wall.
Jas said to me, "You were pulling the bucket out of the wall." Jas told me that I had been pulling the bucket out of the wall.
Kashi said to me, "You were making it today." Kashi told me that I had been making it that day.
Rani said to me, "The distributor was distributing goods to different districts." Rani told me that the distributor had been distributing goods to different districts.
Payal said to me, "The customers were buying things from the retail store." Payal told me that the customers had been buying things from the retail store.


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Direct Speech Past Perfect Tense Examples
Direct Speech
Sub+had+V-III+Obj
Indirect Speech
Sub+had+V-III+Obj
Ruddra said to me, "I have not had space to move." Ruddra told me that he had not had space to move.
Sashi said to me, "He had pulled the bucket out of the well." Sashi told me that he had pulled the bucket out of the well.
Suraj said to me, "I had fooled him on the first of April." Suraj told me that he had fooled him on the first of April.
Sikhar said to me, "We had made it look easy." Sikhar told me that they had made it look easy.
Piush said to me, "The delivery boy had delivered products to every house." Piush told me that the delivery boy had delivered products to every house.
Samir said to me, "The distributor had distributed goods to different districts." Samir told me that the distributor had distributed goods to different districts.
Kanesh said to me, "The wholesaler had supplied retail products to the local shops." Kanesh told me that the wholesaler had supplied retail products to the local shops.
Kashi said to me, "The governess had governed the little boy." Kashi told me that the governess had governed the little boy.
Deepak said to me, "The governess had been governing the little boy." Deepak told me that the governess had been governing the little boy.
When the reporting verb is in the present or future tense then the indirect speech tense remains unchanged.
Rashmi says to me, "You had not pushed me to the wall." Rashmi tells me that I had not pushed her to the wall.


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Direct Speech Past Perfect Continuous Tense Examples
Direct Speech
Sub+had+been+V-I+ing+Obj
Indirect Speech
Sub+had+been+V-I+ing+Obj
Deepak said to me, "The governess had been governing the little boy." Deepak told me that the governess had been governing the little boy.
Akash said to me, "We had been doing the work before you came." Akash told me that they had been doing the work before I came.
Rohit said to me, "You had been filling the tank with the water." Rohit told me that I had been filling the tank with the water.
Swagata said to me, "I had been tying the thief with a rope before the police arrived." Swagata told me that he had been tying the thief with a rope before the police arrived.


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Direct Speech Simple Future Tense Examples
Direct Speech
Sub+will/shall+V-I+Obj
Indirect Speech
Sub+would+V-I+Obj
Rajes said to me, "I will go to Puna." Rajesh told me that he would go to Puna.
You said to them, "I shall return before the event." You told them that You would return before the event.
Haran said to me, "He will leap over the high drain with ease." Haran told me that he would leap over the high drain with ease.
Anghu said to me, "The cat will walk over the wall." Anghu told me that the cat would walk over the wall.
Debargho said to her, "I will tie a rope to the branch of a tree." Debargho told her that he would tie a rope to the branch of a tree.
Chitra said to me, "You will Surprise me with a gift." Chitra told me that I would Surprise her with a gift.
Radha said to me, "I will cook food today." Radha told me that she would cook food that day.
Chandan said to me, "He will hit the ball with a bat." Chandan told me that he would hit the ball with a bat.
Utsav said to me, "The delivery boy will deliver products to every house." Utsav told me that the delivery boy would deliver products to every house.
When the reporting verb is in the present or future tense then the indirect speech tense remains unchanged.
Chandrani says to me, "You will not push me to the wall." Chandrani tells me that I will not push her to the wall.


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Direct Speech Future Continuous Tense Examples
Direct Speech
Sub+will/shall+be+V-I+ing+Obj
Indirect Speech
Sub+would+be+V-I+ing+Obj
Arpita Said to her father, "They will be planting sibling." Arpita told her father that they would be planting sibling.
Chandan said to me, "The cat will be walking over the wall." Chandan told me that the cat would be walking over the wall.
Janabi said to me, "She will be leaving me alone on the way." Janabi told me that she would be leaving her alone on the way.
Shivanshu said to her, "She will be pushing you to the wall." Shivanshu told her that she would be pushing her to the wall.
Pritam said to her, "You will be tying a rope to the branch of a tree." Pritam told her that she would be tying a rope to the branch of a tree.
Sayani said to me, "I will be cooking food every day." Sayani told me that she would be cooking food every day.
Swagata said to me, "We will be Preparing it now." Swagata told me that they would be Preparing it then.
Trisha said to me, "She will be making it now." Trisha told me that she would be making it then.
Suresh said to him, "The swiper will be sweeping the floor with a Swiffer." Suresh told him that the swiper would be sweeping the floor with a Swiffer.
Trisha said to me, "The doctor will be injecting me." Trisha told me that the doctor would be injecting her.


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Direct Speech Future Perfect Tense Examples
Direct Speech
Sub+will/shall+have+V-III+Obj
Indirect Speech
Sub+would+have+V-III+Obj
Meena said to me, "The surgeon will have operated on my heart." Meena told me that the surgeon would have operated on her heart.
Nandini said to me, "You will have struck very hard with your belt." Nandini told me that I would have struck very hard with my belt.
Karn said to her, "The swiper will have swept the floor with a Swiffer." Karn told her that the swiper would have swept the floor with a Swiffer.
Gopala said to me, "The caregiver will have taken care of my grandfather." Gopala told me that the caregiver would have taken care of her grandfather.
Anil said to me, "The delivery boy will have delivered products to every house." Anil told me that the delivery boy would have delivered products to every house.
Anupam said to me, "Big stores will have ruined the business of the small shops." Anupam told me that big stores would have ruined the business of the small shops.
When the reporting verb is in the present or future tense then the indirect speech tense remains unchanged.
Mukesh will say to me, "The wholesaler will have supplied retail products to the local shops." Mukesh will tell me that the wholesaler will have supplied retail products to the local shops.
Suman will say to her, "I will have hated you the most." Suman will tell her that he will have hated her the most.
Sunipa says to everyone, "You will have gotten an opportunity to shine their career." Sunipa tells everyone that they will have gotten an opportunity to shine their career."
Deep will say to me, "She will have borrowed money from her friend." Deep will tell me that she will have borrowed money from her friend.


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Direct Speech Future Perfect Continuous Tense Examples
Direct Speech
Sub+shall/will+have+been+V-I+ing+Obj
Indirect Speech
Sub+would+have+been+V-I+ing+Obj
Aditya said to me, "We will have been attending a meeting for two hours." Aditya told me that they would have been attending a meeting for two hours.
Rashmi said to me, "You will have been punishing me for my deed." Rashmi told me that I would have been punishing her for her deed.
When the reporting verb is in the present or future tense then the indirect speech tense remains unchanged.
Shivansu will say to me, "I shall have been trying to lift the bucket full of water." Shivansu will tell me that he will have been trying to lift the bucket full of water.
Sunipa will say to me, "I shall have been taking my sister to her school." Sunipa will tell me that she will have been taking her sister to her school.


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Direct and Indirect Speech Tense Change Examples


Sudip said to her, "He is young."
Sudip told her that he was young.


Vikasha says to everyone, "I am pretty."
Vikasha tells everyone that she is pretty.


Rajesh will say to his friends, "I am tall."
Rajesh will tell his friends that he is tall.


The teacher said to us, "The sun rises in the east."
The teacher told us that the sun rises in the east.



Direct and Indirect Speech Interrogative Sentences Examples


Suresh said to me, "What is She doing now?"
Suresh asked me what she was doing now.


Seetal said to me, "Will they come to the table for lunch?"
Seetal asked me if they would come to the table for lunch.


The girl said to me, "Where do you stay?"
The girl asked me where I stayed.



Direct and Indirect Speech Change of Pronouns Examples


Rajina said to them, "I am a brave girl."
Rajina told them that she was a brave girl.


I said to my friends, "You have finished your writing."
I told my friends that they had finished their writing.


She said to her best friend, "He is working in Infotec."
She told her best friend that he was working in Infotec.



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Preposition in Sentence Examples


Use of Preposition in Sentence based on Time


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Use of AT Preposition with Examples:-

In a sentence the Preposition AT relates to the specific point of time.



Use of IN Preposition with Examples:-

In a sentence the Preposition IN is used for a wider extent of space or time and it also shows future time.



Use of ON Preposition with Examples:-

In a sentence the Preposition ON is used with days and dates.



Use of WITHIN Preposition with Examples:-

In a sentence the Preposition WITHIN denotes before the end of a period of time.



Use of BEFORE Preposition with Examples:-

In a sentence the Preposition BEFORE is used to express the period before a point of time and it also address individual's position.



Use of AFTER Preposition with Examples:-

In a sentence the Preposition AFTER is used to express the period after a point of time.



Use of UNTIL Preposition with Examples:-

In a sentence the Preposition UNTIL is used to express the duration of time up to a specific period.



Use of DURING Preposition with Examples:-

In a sentence the Preposition DURING is used to express the interim period of two actions.



Use of FROM Preposition with Examples:-

In a sentence the Preposition FROM specifies the point in time at which a particular process, event or activities starts. It also expresses source.



Use of SINCE Preposition with Examples:-

In a sentence the Preposition SINCE is used to suggest the point of time at which an auction started.



Use of FOR Preposition with Examples:-

In a sentence the Preposition FOR is used to suggest the period of time for which an action has been going on.




Use of Preposition in Sentence based on Place


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Use of AT Preposition with Examples:-

In a sentence the Preposition AT suggests a certain place in a given area.



Use of ON Preposition with Examples:-

In a sentence the Preposition ON suggest a specific place.



Use of IN Preposition with Examples:-

In a sentence the Preposition IN is used to express the specific space in an object or area.



Use of BETWEEN Preposition with Examples:-

In a sentence the Preposition BETWEEN is used for two persons, places or things.



Use of AMONG Preposition with Examples:-

In a sentence the Preposition AMONG is used for more than two persons or places.



Use of OVER or ABOVE Preposition with Examples:-

In a sentence the Preposition OVER or ABOVE have a similar meaning they both mean at a higher position but above usually refer vertically above you.



Use of UNDER or BELOW Preposition with Examples:-

In a sentence the Preposition UNDER or BELOW have a similar meaning they mean at a lower level.



Use of INFRONT OF Preposition with Examples:-

In a sentence the Preposition INFRONT OF expresses the front facing.



Use of BEHIND Preposition with Examples:-

In a sentence the Preposition BEHIND is opposite of IN FRONT.



Use of BESIDE Preposition with Examples:-

In a sentence the Preposition BESIDE means in addition to.



Use of NEAR Preposition with Examples:-

In a sentence the Preposition NEAR expresses the closeness of two objects or places.



Use of OPPOSITE Preposition with Examples:-

In a sentence the Preposition OPPOSITE expresses the distance between two objects or places facing each other.




Use of Preposition in Sentence based on Direction


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Use of TO Preposition with Examples:-

In a sentence the Preposition TO is used to indicate 'a destination or direction'.



Use of INTO Preposition with Examples:-

In a sentence the Preposition INTO is used to shows 'something is inside'.



Use of TOWARDS Preposition with Examples:-

In a sentence the Preposition TOWARDS is used to show 'the direction of something'.



Use of ACROSS Preposition with Examples:-

In a sentence the Preposition ACROSS is used to show 'the other side of something'.



Use of PAST Preposition with Examples:-

In a sentence the Preposition PAST is used to show 'something is beyond or farther than a place'.



Use of THROUGH Preposition with Examples:-

In a sentence the Preposition THROUGH is used to show 'from one end of something to the other end'.



Use of UP Preposition with Examples:-

In a sentence the Preposition UP is used to indicate 'a higher position'.



Use of DOWN Preposition with Examples:-

In a sentence the Preposition DOWN is used to indicate 'a lower position'.



Use of OFF Preposition with Examples:-

In a sentence the Preposition OFF is used to show 'away from a place, position'.



Use of ALONG Preposition with Examples:-

In a sentence the Preposition ALONG is used to show 'in a line next to something long and thin'.



Use of ROUND or AROUND Preposition with Examples:-

In a sentence the Preposition ROUND or AROUND is used to show 'something happens related to a place'.



Use of OVER Preposition with Examples:-

In a sentence the Preposition OVER is used to show 'position at a higher level than something else'.



Use of OUT OF Preposition with Examples:-

In a sentence the Preposition OUT OF is used to show 'a place inside something that is not a part of it'.




Use of some other Preposition in Sentence


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Use of ABOUT Preposition with Examples:-

In a sentence the Preposition ABOUT is used to show 'on the subject of or something is connected with'.



Use of BY Preposition with Examples:-

In a sentence the Preposition BY can be used in many ways but here it is used to show 'it occurred with support of someone or something'.



Use of FOR Preposition with Examples:-

In a sentence the Preposition FOR can be used in many ways like it is used to show 'the duration of an action' and it can also be used to show 'personally considering and favoring someone'.



Use of WITH Preposition with Examples:-

In a sentence the Preposition WITH is used to show 'something or someone is accompanied by something or someone else'.



Use of OF Preposition with Examples:-

In a sentence the Preposition OF can be applied fin multiple ways but here it is used to show 'quantify a time or other measurement'.



Use of AT Preposition with Examples:-

In a sentence the Preposition AT can be used in the context of time and place but here it is used to introduce 'prepositional phrases'.



Use of UNDER Preposition with Examples:-

In a sentence the Preposition UNDER is used to show 'something is below or lower than something else'.



Use of FROM Preposition with Examples:-

In a sentence the Preposition FROM can be used to denote the starting point but here it is used to show 'origins, sources'.




Use of 'Used To' and 'Would' in English Grammar of a Sentence



Spoken English for Kids Free


(Used to) and (would) are both use to describe something that happened regularly in the past but does not happen any longer, as shown in the following two sentences about quitting smoking:-




However, there are two important differences between (used to) and (would). The first difference is that (would) should not be used unless it has already been established that the time frame is in the past, while (used to) does not require this. This example, with used to at the beginning, sounds natural:-




However, when (used to) is replaced with (would), the same example becomes awkward and grammatically wrong:-




But if the past time frame is established before (would) appears, (would) sounds fine:-




The second difference between (used to) and (would) is that (would) is not used with stative verbs such as love, be, understand and feel:-




Use of Gerund in a Sentence in English Grammar



Spoken English Course Online Free


A gerund is a noun formed from a verb which refers to an action, process, or state. In English, Gerunds end in '-ing', for example 'running' and 'thinking'.


As a Subject:-




His greatest pleasure is playing in the field.




As an object after certain verbs:-




After prepositions to make a prepositional phrase:-




After some phrasal verbs such as: be for/against, give up, keep on, look forward to, put off:-




After certain set expressions such as: can't stand, can't help, it's no use/good:-




Phrasal Verbs and Use Them in Sentences with Examples



Spoken English for Beginners Free


Ask somebody out


Meaning:- Invite on a date


Ravi asked July out to dinner and a movie.



Ask around


Meaning:- Ask many people the same question


We asked around but nobody has seen our friend Meena.



Add up to something


Meaning:- Equal


Your shopping add up to rupees 1000.



Back something up


Meaning:- Reverse


You will have to back up your suitcase so that I can pack my cloths.



Back somebody up


Meaning:- Support


My mother backed me up over my decision to change my college.



Blow up


Meaning:- Explode


The Bike blew up after it crashed into the wooden fence.



Break down


Meaning:- Stop functioning (vehicle, machine)


Our bus broke down at the side of the road in the sandstorm.



Break down


Meaning:- Get upset


The lady broke down when the police informed her about her son's accident in the factory.



Break something down


Meaning:- Divide into smaller parts


The manager broke the task down into three separate parts.



Break in


Meaning:- Force entry to a building


Someone broke in last night and stole our television set.



Break into something


Meaning:- Enter forcibly


The police had to break into the classroom to rescue the students.



Break in


Meaning:- Interrupt


The news channel broke in to report the news of the chief minister's death.



Break up


Meaning:- End a relationship


My girlfriend and I broke up before she moved to Delhi.



Break up


Meaning:- Start laughing (informal)


Everybody just broke up as soon as the clown started acting.



Break out


Meaning:- Escape


The thief broke out of police van when polices were not looking.



Bring somebody down


Meaning:- Make unhappy


This sad music is bringing her down.



Bring somebody up


Meaning:- Raise a child


His grandparents brought him up after his parents died.



Bring something up


Meaning:- Vomit


Rahul drank so much that he brought his lunch up in the basin.



Call around


Meaning:- Phone many different places/people


We called around but we weren't able to find the people we needed for delivery.



Call somebody back


Meaning:- Return a phone call


I called the manager back but he did not receive.



Catch up


Meaning:- Get to the same point as somebody else


You will have to run faster, if you want to catch up with Maity.



Check in


Meaning:- Arrive and register at a hotel or airport


Let us get the hotel keys after we check in.



Check out


Meaning:- Leave a hotel


Let us check out of the hotel before thirty past nine evening.



Check somebody/something out


Meaning:- Look at carefully, investigate


The hotel security checks out all new customers.



Check out somebody/something


Meaning:- Look at (informal)


Check out the hair style of that boy.



Cheer up


Meaning:- Become happier


She cheered up when she heard about the annual exam result.



Cheer somebody up


Meaning:- Make happier


I brought you an ice cream to cheer you up.



Clean something up


Meaning:- Tidy, clean


Please clean up your bedroom before you go outside.



Come across something


Meaning:- Find unexpectedly


I came across these old photos when I was packing the bag.



Come apart


Meaning:- Separate


The top and bottom come apart if you pull hard enough.



Come forward


Meaning:- Volunteer for a task


The women came forward to join the force.



Come from some place/person


Meaning:- Originated from


His skill of painting comes from his mother.



Do away with something


Meaning:- Discard


It is time to do away with all of these old substances.



Do something up


Meaning:- fasten, close


Do your coat up before you go outside.
It is raining intermittently!



Dress up


Meaning:- Wear nice clothing


It is a fancy restaurant so we have to dress up.



Drop back


Meaning:- Move back in a position/group


Dibes dropped back to second place when he fell off his bike.



Eat out


Meaning:- Eat at a restaurant


I do not feel like cooking tonight.
Let us eat out.



End up


Meaning:- Eventually reach/do/decide


We ended up renting a movie instead of going to the cinema hall.



Fall apart


Meaning:- Break into pieces


Her new dress fell apart in the washing machine.



Fall down


Meaning:- fall to the ground


The photo that you hung up last evening fell down this morning.



Get around


Meaning:- Have mobility


My grandmother can get around fine in her new wheelchair.



Get away


Meaning:- Go on a vacation


I worked so hard this month that I had to get away for a week.



Get on something


Meaning:- Step onto a vehicle


We are not going to reach at time if you do not let us get on the bus now.



Get over something


Meaning:- Recover from an illness, loss, difficulty


I just manage to get over the flu and now my sister has it.



Get over something


Meaning:- Overcome a problem


You have to close your shop if it can not get over the crisis.



Get round to something


Meaning:- Finally find time to do


I do not know when I am going to get round to writing.



Get together


Meaning:- Meet


Let us get together this weekend.



Get up


Meaning:- Get out of bed


Let us get up early this week to study for our exam.



Get up


Meaning:- Stand


We should get up and give the elderly man our seat.



Give somebody away


Meaning:- Reveal hidden information about somebody


His friend gave him away to the police.



Give something up


Meaning:- Stop trying


My homework was too difficult so I gave up.



Go after somebody


Meaning:- Follow somebody


My brother tried to go after the thief.



Go after something


Meaning:- Try to achieve something


I went after my dream and now I am a successful cricketer.



Go against somebody


Meaning:- Compete, oppose


We are going against the best football team in the city.



Go ahead


Meaning:- Start, proceed


Please go ahead and eat before the food gets spoiled.



Grow up


Meaning:- Become an adult


When Rahul grows up he wants to be a policeman.



Hand something down


Meaning:- Give something used to somebody else


He handed his old comic books down to his little brother.



Hand something over


Meaning:- Give unwillingly


The police asked the thief to hand over the knife.



Hang in


Meaning:- Stay positive (informal)


Hang in there.
I am sure you will do it very soon.



Hang on


Meaning:- Wait a short time (informal)


Hang on while she grab her coat and shoes!



Hang out


Meaning:- Spend time relaxing (informal)


Instead of going to the tuition class we are just going to hang out at the riverbank.



Hold something back


Meaning:- Hide an emotion


Seema held back her tears at her grandfather's funeral.



Hold on


Meaning:- Wait a short time


Please hold on while I transfer you to the Sales Department.



Keep on doing something


Meaning:- Continue doing


Keep on practicing until you get selected in the team.



Keep something from somebody


Meaning:- Not tell


We kept our relationship from our guardian for two years.



Keep somebody/something out


Meaning:- Stop from entering


Try to keep your little brother out of the quarrel.



Keep something up


Meaning:- Continue at the same rate


If you keep those effort up you will definitely achieve your goal.



Let somebody down


Meaning:- Fail to support or help, disappoint


Please do not let me down this time.



Let somebody in


Meaning:- Allow to enter


Can you let the cat in before you go to bed?



Look after somebody/something


Meaning:- Take care of


I have to look after my grandmother.



Look down on somebody


Meaning:- Think less of, consider inferior


Dad has looked down on me after I stole money from his wallet.



Look for somebody/ something


Meaning:- Try to find


I am looking for the best dress for my friend?s birthday party.



Look forward to something


Meaning:- Be excited about the future


I am looking forward to the winter vacation.



Look into something


Meaning:- Investigate


We are going to look into the issue.



Look out


Meaning:- Be careful, vigilant and take notice


Look out! That bike is rushing towards Srijan!



Look out for somebody/ something


Meaning:- Be especially vigilant for


Do not forget to look out for the elephant in the jangle.



Look something over


Meaning:- Check, examine


Can you look over my homework for mistakes?



Look something up


Meaning:- Search and find information in a reference book


We can look the doctor's details up on the Internet.



Look up to somebody


Meaning:- Have a lot of respect for


I always looked up to my elder sister.



Make something up


Meaning:- Invent, lie about something


Sushil made up a story about why he was late in class.



Make up


Meaning:- Forgive each other


We were very angry last evening, but we made up at breakfast.



Make somebody up


Meaning:- Apply cosmetics to


My elder sisters made me up for her post-graduation party.



Pass away


Meaning:- Die


My friend's uncle passed away last night after a long illness.



Pay somebody back


Meaning:- Return owed money


Thanks for buying me a pen.
I will pay you back on Friday.



Pay for something


Meaning:- Be punished for doing something bad


She will pay for being so rude to my little brother.



Put something down


Meaning:- Put what you are holding on a surface or floor


You can put the vegetables down on the kitchen counter.



Put somebody down


Meaning:- Insult someone to feel stupid


The students put the teacher down for his appearance.



Put something off


Meaning:- Postpone


We are putting off our trip until august because of the exam.



Put something together


Meaning:- Assemble


I have to put the parts together before the little boy arrives.



Put up with somebody/ something


Meaning:- Tolerate


I do not think I can put up with two small children in the car.



Put something on


Meaning:- Put clothing or accessories on the body


I put on my new dress before leaving my house on last Sunday.



Run away


Meaning:- Leave unexpectedly, escape


The child ran away from home and has been missing for two hours.



Run out


Meaning:- Have none left


I ran out of soap so I had to wash my body with shampoo.



Set something up


Meaning:- To arrange or organize


Our boss set a meeting up with the owner of the company.



Set somebody up


Meaning:- Trick or trap


The police set up the thief by using a hidden camera.



Shop around


Meaning:- Compare prices


I want to shop around a little before I decide on these dresses.



Show off


Meaning:- Act extra special for people watching


She always shows off on her skateboard.



Sleep over


Meaning:- Stay somewhere for the night


Let us sleep over tonight as the weather is too bad to drive home.



Stick to something


Meaning:- Continue doing something


You will lose weight if you stick to the exercise.



Switch something off


Meaning:- Stop the energy flow, turn off


Could you switch the light off?



Switch something on


Meaning:- Start the energy flow, turn on


We heard the news as soon as we switched on the radio.



Take after somebody


Meaning:- Resemble a family member


I take after my mother because we are both impatient.



Take something apart


Meaning:- Purposely break into pieces


He took the car breaks apart and found the problem.



Take off


Meaning:- Start to fly


Our plane is going to take off in five minutes.



Think something over


Meaning:- Consider


I will have to think this over before I make my final decision.



Throw something away


Meaning:- Dispose of


I threw my old furniture away when I won the lottery.



Turn something down


Meaning:- Decrease the volume or strength of heat or light, etc


Please turn the mobile down while the guests are here.



Turn something down


Meaning:- Refuse


I turned the job down because they asked me to relocate.



Try something on


Meaning:- Sample clothing


I am going to try these dresses on, but I don't think they will fit.



Try something out


Meaning:- Test


I am going to try this new brand of detergent out.



Wake up


Meaning:- Stop sleeping


We have to wake up early in the Monday for morning walk.



Warm somebody or something up


Meaning:- Increase the temperature


He can warm his feet up in front of the fireplace.



Warm up


Meaning:- Prepare body for exercise


I always warm up myself before I go for cricket practice.



Wear off


Meaning:- Fade away


Most of Seema's face pack wore off before she got to the party.



Work out


Meaning:- Exercise


I work out at the gym ten times a week.



Work out


Meaning:- Be successful


My plan worked out fine.



Comparatives and Superlatives Exercises with Examples



Spoken English for Kids Free


Format and Rule for Comparative:-
Subject+Verb+Comparative Adjective+than+Object


Format and Rule for Superlative:-
Subject+Verb+the+Superlative Adjective+Object



Adjective Comparative Superlative
Tall Taller Tallest
  • I am a tall boy.
  • He is taller than me.
  • Khali is the tallest person of India.
Fat Fatter Fattest
  • She is a fat woman.
  • Rajib is fatter than her.
  • Shila is the fattest of all.
Big Bigger Biggest
  • Give me a big basket.
  • I need a bigger basket than this.
  • Give me the biggest basket that you have.
Sad Sadder Saddest
  • Rahul is sad because his girlfriend has left him.
  • Seema is sadder than Rahul for her poor examination.
  • Rajesh is the saddest of all because his boss has fired him.
Happy Happier Happiest
  • Seema is very happy to accept a gift from her lover.
  • I am happier than Seema after standing first in the class.
  • Rajib is the happiest of all after being hired in the HDFC Bank.
Simple Simpler Simplest
  • Try to keep it simple to understand.
  • Try to keep it simpler than it was before.
  • Keep it the simplest of all so that a layman can understand.
Busy Busier Busiest
  • I was busy last night with my boss.
  • He was busier than me last night at the party.
  • Rohit was the busiest of all with her girlfriend last night.
Tilted More Tilted Most Tilted
  • Keep is tilted towards the right side.
  • Get it more tilted than before towards the right side.
  • Now it is looking as the most tilted of all time before.
Tangled More Tangled Most Tangled
  • She could not comb her tangled hair.
  • Her hair became more tangled than it was before.
  • Her hair turned the most tangled of all time after she combs.
Important More Important Most Important
  • Physics is important for you to learn.
  • Math is more important than Physics for you.
  • History is the most important of all as it is your first exam.
Expensive More Expensive Most Expensive
  • Rima has an expensive watch.
  • Arpita has a more expensive watch than Rima has.
  • Suparna has the most expensive watch of all friends.
Good Better Best
  • It is very good for you to stay calm.
  • It is even better for you to study than sitting silently.
  • It is the best of all for you to avoid playing mobile games.
Bad Worse Worst
  • Biswaroop is a bad boy.
  • Raj is worse than Biswaroop.
  • Amit is the worst of all friends.
Little Less Least
  • Give me a little amount of shampoo.
  • Give her less shampoo than you gave me.
  • Give Rajib the least shampoo of all members.
Much More Most
  • It is a much needed exam suggestion for me.
  • Mental peace is more needed than anything else.
  • Last hour Preparation is the most needed of all before exams.
Far Further/Farther Furthest/Farthest
  • Mohit is staying far away from my house.
  • Sriraj is staying further away from my house than Mohit.
  • Pradeep is staying the furthest of all friends from my house.


Popular Opposite Words in English with Examples



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These are some Important Opposite Words used in Sentences


Big Small or Little
  • I need a big shelf to keep all my comic books.
  • Accommodate a small room for us in your hotel.
Cheap Expensive
  • I got this dress very cheap from the Howrah market.
  • Try to change your cheap mindset otherwise you will never get success in life.
  • My dad got me an expensive watch on my last birthday.
  • Radhika always depends on expensive items because she is a very rich girl.
Clean Dirty
  • Our maid has cleaned the floor just five minutes back.
  • Try to keep your mind clean from all dirty thoughts.
  • Please do not keep the washroom dirty.
  • Do not look at her with your dirty glance.
Deep Shallow
  • We have dug the ground very deep to dump all the waste product inside it.
  • I love to eat deep fried vegetables for breakfast.
  • She has got a deep cut.
  • You do shallow fry for my grandmother because she is having a problem digesting oily food.
  • Buy a shallow green Kurta for the marriage invitation.
Down Up
  • Keep it down on the floor.
  • Let me sit down here.
  • Bend down and touch your own feet.
  • Pick it up from the tree.
  • Pick up one among these.
  • Look up in the sky.
  • Kids Jump up on the bench.
Early Late
  • Every day we should wake up early in the morning.
  • We should not sleep very late at night.
Easy Difficult or Hard
  • It is quite an easy task for me to do every day.
  • It is a difficult lesson for students to clear in exams.
Far Near or Close
  • The station is far away from my house.
  • Our relationship turned so far that we can never come close again.
  • She is staying quite near to my house.
  • We both are close friends.
Fast Slow
  • Run fast otherwise we will miss the train.
  • Do not move slowly like a tortoise then you will be late for school.
Fat Thin or Skinny
  • She is such a fat girl that the Toto driver has not given lift to her.
  • He is as thin as a stick.
  • He is a skinny tall and handsome man.
Full Empty
  • The glass is full of water.
  • The tank is empty.
Good Bad
  • Raju is a very good boy.
  • Sujay is a very bad boy.
Happy Sad
  • I am very happy today because my girlfriend has given me a gift.
  • I am so sad that I would not like to talk with anybody today.
Heavy Light
  • The box is very heavy for her to lift.
  • This pillow is light as a feather even for a kid.
Here There
  • You come here.
  • I will move there.
High Low
  • The kite is flying very high in the sky.
  • The airplane is flying very high over the clouds.
  • My confidence is so high that I will not hesitate to face an interview today.
  • Please lower the position of the shelf so that the little kid can take the books without anyone's help.
  • Her low confidence led her to fail in the exam again.
Hot Cold
  • The tea is so hot that my lip burned.
  • The ice-cream is too cold for me to test it.
In Out
  • My child is now reading in the second stanza.
  • She told me to get out of her sight.
Inside Outside
  • Keep the pen inside the pencil box.
  • Make the naughty boy stand outside the classroom.
Interesting Boring
  • This book is the most interesting one among all these books.
  • The boy is so boring that the girl cannot even spend half an hour with him.
Light Dark
  • She prefers light dress.
  • Always write with dark ink.
Long Short
  • The river is long enough to cross within half an hour.
  • The hill is so short that even a small kid can climb up easily.
Loud Soft
  • Do not shout so loud that our mom will wake up.
  • Her voice is so soft that no one can hear her speaking.
Many Few
  • The kid has many toys to play with.
  • Many years are left for you to retire from your job.
  • I just have a few friends to talk with.
  • A few minutes are left for us to reach the station.
New Old
  • Father has given me a new dress on my birthday.
  • I love listening to old songs sung by Kishore Kumar only.
Rich Poor
  • All want to become rich but no one knows how to become rich.
  • We all need to be rich by heart and not by wealth.
  • I am a poor boy and I love to live my life with my poverty.
  • It does not matter to be poor by wealth but it matters a lot to be poor by heart.
Right Left
  • My mom sleeps on my right side of the bed.
  • You will find a temple to the left side of that tower.
Right Wrong
  • I am always right.
  • You are always wrong.
Safe Dangerous
  • It is not safe for children to play with fire and electricity.
  • It is very dangerous to work with electricity without having adequate knowledge.
Single Married
  • I am still single at the age of forty five.
  • They both got married in the early twenties.
Smooth Rough
  • Her skin is so smooth that he wants to touch his cheek on her skin.
  • Always behave smoothly with beautiful girls.
  • The road is too rough for the driver to drive the car to the vegetable market.
  • Do not be so rough on your wife that you have to regret once.
Soft Hard
  • I need a soft brush for my teeth.
  • Press the tap softly.
  • He is a soft hearted person.
  • Do it softly.
  • There must be some softness in your words.
  • Your arm is as hard as a rock.
  • Hard work is the key to success.
  • The exam is very hard to crack.
  • Your hard words hurt me.
Strong Weak
  • He is very strong.
  • The chair is too strong to break.
  • You are a strong minded person.
  • She became very weak after returning home.
  • It is too weak for use.
  • You have got a very weak understanding of her.
Tall Short
  • The tree is standing tall to touch the sky.
  • I have to travel a very short distance to reach.
Thick Thin
  • This is a thick wooden stick to break into pieces.
  • Seema?s new mobile phone is as thin as paper.
Tight Loose
  • You should do tight packing before delivery of the items.
  • The items are loosely packed in a container.
Warm Cool
  • I am feeling really worm under the blanket.
  • It is one of the coolest days of this winter.
Wet Dry
  • I got fully wet in this rain.
  • Do not wear a wet dress otherwise you will fall sick.
  • Let me dry my body under the fan.
  • The weather is dry today.
Wide Narrow
  • The highway is wide enough to cross two trucks at a time.
  • The ball delivered so wide that the umpire had called a wide ball.
  • Show a wide range of items.
  • The lane is so narrow that even a rickshaw cannot pass from here.
  • Even the narrowest mistake may lead to someone's downfall.
  • He has got a narrow escape.
Young Old
  • The young man pushed the bagger backward so he fell on the ground.
  • The old man was taken to the old age home by his only son.


Etiquette and Manners in Communication



Spoken English for Beginners Free


Offering Help to Someone Example:-




Accepting and Responding to an Offer of Help from Someone Examples:-




Refuse or Reject or Decline a Request Politely of Someone Examples:-




Giving Advice and Suggestions to Someone Examples:-


Present Suggestion Format
Sub Should Verv-I Obj(Op)
You should wake up early in the morning.
He should tell the truth.
She should work hard to achieve her goal.


Past Suggestion Format
Sub Should have Verv-III Obj(Op)
You Should have finished the work before I return.
He Should have told me the problem.
She Should have locked The door last night.


Future Suggestion Format
Sub Would Verv-I Obj(Op)
You Would accept the consequences of your deed.
He Would return home early in the evening.
She Would study hard for her examination.


Ways of Asking Questions and Making Requests Examples:-




The Perfect way to Say Time in English

Ten past four
Not Found
Five left to seven
Not Found
Twenty five past nine
Not Found
Forty past ten
Not Found
Quarter left to two
Not Found
Quarter past nine
Not Found
Half past three
Not Found
Sharp three 'O' clock
Not Found
Three left to twelve
Not Found


Weather and Climate Expression in English with Examples


Spoken English for Kids Free



Important Words to Express Weather and Climate
Drench
  • We got drenched while returning home in the rain.
Cloud blows
  • Cloud blows over.
  • Cloud blows in the sky.
Caught in a storm
  • We were caught in a storm last evening.
Caught in the rain
  • We may get caught in the rain if we do not depart now.
Thunder strikes
Or
Thunder strokes
  • Thunder strikes took place here last evening.
  • Thunder strokes were falling hard last night.
Lightning strikes
Or
Lightning strokes
  • Lightning strikes burned the whole forest a month ago in Australia.
  • I could not go out of my home because of the Lightning strokes.
Thunder & Lightning strikes
Or
Thunder & Lightning strokes
  • Suddenly Thunder & Lightning strikes took place which restricted us to stay inside our club.
  • Five villagers were badly trapped in horrible Thunder & Lightning strokes last Sunday in the middle of the sea.
Torrential Rain
(rapid rainfall heavy in quantity)
  • Your umbrella cannot protect your body from getting drenched by this torrential rain.
  • The torrential rain is going to spoil the whole cultivation this year.
Drizzling
(very light rain shower)
  • Today it has been forecasted that this drizzling will continue the whole day so you carry an umbrella with you.
Cats & Dogs
(rain coming down unbelievably hard)
  • I stayed absent yesterday as it was raining cats and dogs.
  • Do not go out to play because it is raining cats and dogs.
  • The drains have been overflowing because it is raining cats and dogs.
  • Cats and dogs? rain led the lowland to go under water.
Intermittently
(Irregular Intervals)
  • I carry the umbrella or not because it is intermittently raining.
  • I cannot suggest you to fly the kite because it is intermittently raining.
  • The cricket match has been postponed because it is raining intermittently.
Cloudy
  • The sky gets cloudy.
Overcast
  • It may rain today because the sky is overcast this morning.
  • The cricket match was delayed due to the overcast condition and bad light.
  • Fast Bowlers will get some swing due to the overcast weather condition.